is a fish, despite its upright, unusual appearance. It is a native of New Zealand found in seaweed covered rocks where it clings on with its tail.
The male broods the young in a fleshy pouch over the stomach. The female deposits eggs into the pouch where they are fertilized and the male gives birth. Brood size in captivity varies between around 20 and up to 270.
The New Zealand seahorse
is larger than any other type in the world. Lives on live food.
Size: to 2m
Lives in rock pools. Soft body and well developed brain. Eye on each side of head for vision but totally deaf. The octopus
usually stays in dens during day and hunts primarily at night or on dark dreary days.
Arms have two rows of suckers. It eats crustaceans and molluscs, luring them by wriggling arms as if a worm. Once caught, the octopus
bites, injecting poisonous venom and a digestive enzyme. It sucks out the flesh and discards the empty shell. If an octopus
loses one of its tentacles it will grow another in its place.
It can shoot a smoke screen of ink at attackers and can change its colour and texture to escape predators or attract a mate. It propels itself by jetting water from its mantle cavity through a siphon tube. Females lay vast numbers of eggs in a week and do not eat until the eggs hatch in around 50 days. For this reason females die of starvation.